Imaging In focus: Reflected light imaging: Techniques and applications

Emily J. Guggenheim, Iseult Lynch, Joshua Zachary Rappoport*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Reflectance imaging is a broad term that describes the formation of images by the detection of illumination light that is back-scattered from reflective features within a sample. Reflectance imaging can be performed in a variety of different configurations, such as confocal, oblique angle illumination, structured illumination, interferometry and total internal reflectance, permitting a plethora of biomedical applications. Reflectance imaging has proven indispensable for critical investigations into the safety and understanding of biomedically and environmentally relevant nano-materials, an area of high priority and investment. The non-destructive in vivo imaging ability of reflectance techniques permits alternative diagnostic strategies that may eventually facilitate the eradication of some invasive biopsy procedures. Reflectance can also provide additional structural information and clarity necessary in fluorescent based in vivo studies. Near-coverslip interrogation techniques, such as reflectance interferometry and total internal reflection, have provided a label free means to investigate cell-surface contacts, cell motility and vesicle trafficking in vivo and in vitro. Other key advances include the ability to acquire superresolution reflectance images providing increased spatial resolution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-70
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017


  • Free
  • Label
  • Microscopy
  • Nanoparticles
  • Reflectance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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