Photoacoustic microscopy was used to noninvasively image variations in hemoglobin oxygen saturation (S O2) in the subcutaneous microvasculature of rats in vivo. In phantom tests, the calculated concentration fractions of red ink in double-ink mixtures matched the actual values with a 1% error. In ex vivo studies, the calculated S O2 in bovine blood agreed with the standard spectrophotometric measurements within a 4% systematic difference. In in vivo studies, arteries and veins were separated based on the measured S O2 values and variations in S O2 between different physiological states (hyperoxia, normoxia, and hypoxia) were imaged in single blood vessels.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)