Cholangiocarcinoma is the second most common primary hepatic malignancy and is a heterogeneous tumor of biliary epithelium. We discuss the risk factors, anatomic classification of cholangiocarcinoma (CC) as well as the different morphologic subtypes of CC. Imaging findings of CC on different modalities are described, focusing on intrahepatic CC. Recently recognized imaging features that carry prognostic significance, such as a worse prognosis in tumors that have more desmoplastic stroma, are detailed. Other benign and malignant entities that should be considered in the differential diagnosis of CC will also be discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging