Imaging paclitaxel (chemotherapy)-induced tumor apoptosis with 99mTc C2A, a domain of synaptotagmin I: a preliminary study

Feng Wang*, Wei Fang, Ming Zhao, Zizheng Wang, Shundong Ji, Yan Li, Yuming Zheng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Purpose: To evaluate the dynamics and feasibility of imaging non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) apoptosis induced by paclitaxel treatment using 99mTc-labeled C2A domain of synaptotagmin I in a mouse model. Materials and Methods: H460 tumor-bearing mice were treated with intravenous paclitaxel, and 12, 24, 48 and 72 h later, 99mTc-C2A-GST was injected intravenously, and planar images were acquired at 2, 4 and 6 h postinjection on a dual-head gamma camera fitted with a pinhole collimator. Tumor-to-normal tissue ratios (T/NT) were calculated by ROI analysis and reflected specific binding of 99mTc-C2A-GST. Mice were sacrificed after 6-h imaging; caspase-3 as apoptosis executer was determined by flow cytometry; DNA fragmentation was analyzed by terminal deoxynucleotidytransferase mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay. Whereas nonspecific accumulation was estimated using inactivated C2A-GST. The imaging data were correlated with TUNEL-positive nuclei and caspase-3 activity. Results: T/NT significantly increased after paclitaxel inducement, whereas it was low in untreated tumors (T/NT=1.24±0.23). In terms of % ID/g, activity in Group 2 (12 h), Group 3 (24 h), Group 4 (48 h) and Group 5 (72 h) after the treatment was 2.05±0.20, 3.02±1.01, 3.17±1.16 and 3.96±1.72, respectively. Whereas in the nontreated group, Group 1 % ID/g was 1.21±0.51. The radiotracer uptake was positively correlated to the apoptotic index (r=0.70, P<.01), as well as caspase-3 activity (r=0.75, P<.01). Conclusion: This study addresses the dynamics and feasibility of imaging non-small cell lung tumor apoptosis using 99mTc-labeled C2A.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)359-364
Number of pages6
JournalNuclear Medicine and Biology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 2008


  • Apoptosis
  • C2A domain
  • Non-small cell lung cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Imaging paclitaxel (chemotherapy)-induced tumor apoptosis with <sup>99m</sup>Tc C2A, a domain of synaptotagmin I: a preliminary study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this