Purpose of Review: Immune axonal polyneuropathy is caused by a diverse group of disorders that share similar presentations and treatment regimens. This article focuses on the clinical findings, evaluation, and management of immune-mediated causes of axonal polyneuropathy, focusing primarily on large fiber sensorimotor polyneuropathy. Recent Findings: Specific characteristics of an immune-mediated polyneuropathy have been incorporated in a new diagnostic screening tool that is highly sensitive and can easily be used in the outpatient clinic setting. New insights into autoantibodies may help identify the presence of an underlying autoimmune or paraneoplastic disease as the cause of a polyneuropathy. Summary: This article provides readers with further understanding into the autoimmune causes of axonal polyneuropathy and will help the clinician recognize key clinical features that may lead to timely diagnosis and treatment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology