Two enzymes, the heat-stable and the heat-labile enoyl-coenzyme A (CoA) hydratases, involved in the metabolism of fatty acids, were localized in liver and renal cortex using specific antibodies, immunofluorescence, and the protein A-gold immunocytochemical technique. The qualitative and quantitative results have demonstrated that the heat-stable enoyl-CoA hydratase is a mitochondrial membrane-associated protein of hepatocytes and of epithelial cells in proximal and distal renal tubules. The hepatic sinusoidal cells, as well as the endothelial and epithelial cells of the glomeruli, fail to demonstrate any specific labeling. The heat-labile enoyl-CoA hydratase, on the other hand, was detected in the peroxisomal matrix of hepatocyte and proximal tubule epithelial cells. Its distribution was identical to that of catalase. The significance of the differential distribution of peroxismal and mitochondrial enoyl-CoA hydratases is discussed in relation to their function.
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