Immunogenetics of CD4 lymphocyte count recovery during antiretroviral therapy: An AIDS clinical trials group study

David W. Haas*, Daniel E. Geraghty, Janet Andersen, Jessica Mar, Alison A. Motsinger, Richard T. D'Aquila, Derya Unutmaz, Constance A. Benson, Marylyn D. Ritchie, Alan Landay

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations


During antiretroviral therapy, CD4 lymphocyte count increases are modest in some patients despite virologic control. We explored whether polymorphisms in genes important for T cell expansion, survival, and apoptosis are associated with the magnitude of CD4 lymphocyte count recovery during antiretroviral therapy. We studied treatment-naive individuals who achieved sustained control of plasma viremia (<400 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL) for at least 48 weeks after initiation of antiretroviral therapy and compared genotypes among individuals who had an increase of either <200 or ≥200 CD4 cells/mm3 from baseline. A total of 137 single-nucleotide polymorphisms across 17 genes were characterized in 873 study participants. In multivariate analyses that controlled for clinical variables, polymorphisms in genes encoding tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), TNF-α, Bcl-2-interacting molecule (Bim), interleukin (IL)-15, and IL-15 receptor a chain (IL-15Rα) were associated with the magnitude of the increase in CD4 lymphocyte count, as were haplotypes in genes encoding interferon-α, IL-2, and IL-15Rα- (P<.05, for each). Multifactor dimensionality reduction identified a gene-gene interaction between IL-2/IL-15 receptor common β chain and IL-2/IL-7/IL-15 receptor common γ chain. Immune recovery during antiretroviral therapy is a complex phenotype that is influenced by multiple genetic variants. Future studies should validate these tentative associations and define underlying mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1098-1107
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Issue number8
StatePublished - Oct 15 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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