In summary, synthetic peptides corresponding to linear sequences, of HLA class I molecules can inhibit T-cell responses in vitro and in vivo. These peptides induce immunologic tolerance by binding to hsp-70 family members, causing an increase in intracellular calcium, and down-regulating the nuclear factor of activated T cells, NF-AT. We suggest that heat shock proteins may function as novel immunophilins (Fig 2). Like cyclophilins and FK 506 binding proteins, heat shock proteins are ubiquitous, are involved in protein finding and trafficking, and bind exogenous drugs. Cyclosporine and FK 506 exert immunosuppressive effects by binding immunophilins, which as a result interrupt the phosphatase activity of calcineurin. Although the precise pathways involved in the synthetic HLA peptide effects are not as well worked out, it seems likely that peptide binding to heat shock protein is disrupting normal events in T-cell activation, giving rise to an apparently permanent state of anergy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|State||Published - Sep 5 1996|
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