Immunoregulatory pathways in adult responder mice. II. Regulation of delayed-type hypersensitivity responses by GAT-specific suppressor factors present in GAT-tolerant adult responder mice

M. K. Jenkins, C. Waltenbaugh, S. D. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

We studied the effects of T cell extracts from adult responder BALB/c mice tolerized with poly(Glu60-Ala30Tyr10) (GAT)-coupled syngeneic spleen cells (GAT-SP) on delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH), T cell-proliferative (Tprlf), and plaque-forming cell (PFC) responses. Adult responder mice injected i.v. with GAT-SP develop Lyt-1-2+ suppressor T cells (Ts), which suppress the induction of GAT-specific DTH and PFC, but not Tprlf responses. Sonicates from these Ts contain an afferent-acting, soluble factor(s) (GAT-TsF(dh)) that specifically suppresses the same responses as the intact Ts (i.e., DTH and PFC, but not Tprlf). Immunosorbent chromatography studies were employed to determine the molecular nature of the suppressive material active on both cellular and humoral responses. In both assay systems, GAT-TsF(dh) was found to bear determinants encoded by the I subregion of the H-2 complex and a receptor(s) for GAT. BALB/c-derived GAT-TsF(dh) suppressed the induction of GAT DTH in syngeneic BALB/c and H-2-compatible B10.D2, but not in allogeneic C57BL/6 or CBA/Cum, suggesting a possible H-2 restriction in the suppression. It was also shown that one target of functional regulation by GAT-TsF(dh) is the T helper cell for DTH responses (DTH-Th). The results suggest that similar Ts and TsF regulate humoral and cell-mediated responses, perhaps by affecting a target common to both pathways (e.g., the T helper cell). The resistance of Tprlf responses to suppression by GAT-TsF(dh) indicates that the effector DTH-Th target is not a major component of the proliferative response. These data are discussed with respect to GAT-specific TsF-regulating PFC responses, which have been identified in nonresponders and in responders tolerized as neonates with GAT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-121
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume134
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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