Impact of brodalumab treatment on psoriasis symptoms and health-related quality of life: Use of a novel patient-reported outcome measure, the Psoriasis Symptom Inventory

K. B. Gordon*, A. B. Kimball, D. Chau, H. N. Viswanathan, J. Li, D. A. Revicki, G. Kricorian, B. G. Ortmeier

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Psoriasis symptoms have a significant negative impact on health-related quality of life, impairing physical functioning and well-being. Objective To evaluate the impact of brodalumab, a human anti-interleukin-17R monoclonal antibody, on psoriasis symptom severity as measured by a novel patient-reported outcome measure, the Psoriasis Symptom Inventory, and dermatology-specific health-related quality of life as measured by the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI). Methods This was a secondary analysis of a phase II, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study of patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis (n = 198) treated with brodalumab or placebo. This analysis assessed Psoriasis Symptom Inventory scores and DLQI scores over time. Analyses were conducted on all patients who were randomized and received one or more injections of the study drug according to intention to treat using last observation carried forward to impute missing data. Results At week 12, subjects in the brodalumab groups had significant improvements in mean Psoriasis Symptom Inventory total scores [8·5 (70 mg), 15·8 (140 mg), 16·2 (210 mg) and 12·7 (280 mg)] compared with placebo (4·8). Mean improvements in DLQI were clinically meaningful (≥ 5·7) in the brodalumab groups (6·2, 9·1, 9·6 and 7·1, respectively) and significantly greater than placebo (3·1). Improvements in Psoriasis Symptom Inventory were observed as early as week 2 and in DLQI by week 4. All eight Psoriasis Symptom Inventory item scores improved significantly among the brodalumab groups by week 12. Conclusions Results were from a single randomized clinical trial and may not generalize to broader patient populations. However, treatment with brodalumab provided significant improvement in psoriasis symptoms in patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis. What's already known about this topic? Psoriasis has a significant negative impact on health-related quality of life. What does this study add? Brodalumab treatment provided statistically significant improvement in psoriasis symptoms and functional outcomes in patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis. These results support the further clinical development of brodalumab to treat patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)705-715
Number of pages11
JournalBritish Journal of Dermatology
Volume170
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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