Impact of comprehensive cardiovascular risk reduction programme on risk factor clustering associated with elevated blood pressure in an Indian industrial population

Panniyammakal Jeemon, Dorairaj Prabhakaran*, Shifalika Goenka, Lakshmy Ramakrishnan, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Mark Daniel Huffman, Prashant Joshi, Sivasubramonian Sivasankaran, B. V.M. Mohan, F. Ahmed, Meera Ramanathan, R. Ahuja, Nakul Sinha, K. R. Thankappan, K. S. Reddy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background & objectives: Cardiovascular risk factors clustering associated with blood pressure (BP) has not been studied in the Indian population. This study was aimed at assessing the clustering effect of cardiovascular risk factors with suboptimal BP in Indian population as also the impact of risk reduction interventions. Methods: Data from 10543 individuals collected in a nation-wide surveillance programme in India were analysed. The burden of risk factors clustering with blood pressure and coronary heart disease (CHD) was assessed. The impact of a risk reduction programmme on risk factors clustering was prospectively studied in a sub-group. Results: Mean age of participants was 40.9 ± 11.0 yr. A signifcant linear increase in number of risk factors with increasing blood pressure, irrespective of stratifying using different risk factor thresholds was observed. While hypertension occurred in isolation in 2.6 per cent of the total population, coexistence of hypertension and >3 risk factors was observed in 12.3 per cent population. A comprehensive risk reduction programme signifcantly reduced the mean number of additional risk factors in the intervention population across the blood pressure groups, while it continued to be high in the control arm without interventions (both within group and between group P<0.001). The proportion of 'low risk phenotype' increased from 13.4 to 19.9 per cent in the intervention population and it was decreased from 27.8 to 10.6 per cent in the control population (P<0.001). The proportion of individuals with hypertension and three more risk factors decreased from 10.6 to 4.7 per cent in the intervention arm while it was increased from 13.3 to 17.8 per cent in the control arm (P<0.001). Interpretation & conclusions: Our fndings showed that cardiovascular risk factors clustered together with elevated blood pressure and a risk reduction programme signifcantly reduced the risk factors burden.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)485-493
Number of pages9
JournalIndian Journal of Medical Research
Volume135
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2012

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Clustering
  • Risk factors
  • Risk reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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