Treatment of relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) aims to prolong survival while maintaining health-related quality of life (HRQoL) by managing disease-related symptoms and complications—one of the most frequent and debilitating being bone pain. In the ELOQUENT-2 study (NCT01239797), which evaluated the addition of elotuzumab to lenalidomide plus dexamethasone versus lenalidomide plus dexamethasone, pain and HRQoL were assessed in patients with relapsed/refractory disease using the Brief Pain Inventory–Short Form (BPI-SF) and the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire–Core 30 module (QLQ-C30) and myeloma-specific module (QLQ-MY20). Mean baseline pain scores were low and remained so throughout treatment with both regimens; mean HRQoL scores did not change substantially from baseline. A significantly higher proportion of patients with objective response than without had clinically meaningful improvements in worst pain over two consecutive treatment cycles (29 versus 12%; p < 0.001). Patients with very good partial response (VGPR) or better reported reduced scores for pain severity and worst pain; those with progressive disease reported increased scores for these domains and pain interference. These findings show that previously reported improvements in progression-free survival and response rate with elotuzumab are achieved without detriment to HRQoL, which is maintained over time.
- Health-related quality of life
- Multiple myeloma
- Patient-reported outcomes
ASJC Scopus subject areas