Impact of inflammatory bowel disease on radical prostatectomy outcomes and costs of care

Ilana P. Goldberg, Steven L. Chang, Shilajit D. Kundu, Benjamin I. Chung, Eric A. Singer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Recent studies suggest an association between prostate cancer and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Our objectives were to investigate clinical and financial impacts of IBD on radical prostatectomy (RP) and to determine the impact of surgical approach on our findings. Methods: The Premier Hospital Database was queried for patients who underwent RP from 2003 to 2017. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to determine the independent impact of IBD on complications and readmission rates. We determined 90-day readmissions and examined 90-day hospital costs adjusted to 2019 US dollars with multivariable quantile regression models. Results: Our study population included 262,189 men with prostate cancer, including 3,408 (1.3%) with IBD. There were higher odds for any complication for IBD patients compared with non-IBD controls for RP (15.64% vs. 10.66%). Patients with IBD had overall complication rates of 14.1% (P < 0.05) for open surgery and 17.2% for minimally invasive surgery (MIS) (P < 0.01). Between 2013 and 2017, the IBD cohort had significantly more complications (odds ratios (ORs): 2; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.5 to 2.67; P < 0.0001), was more likely to have surgical costs in the top quartile (OR: 1.6; 95% CI: 1.23 to 2.1; P < 0.01), and had higher readmission rates (OR: 1.51; 95% CI: 1.1 to 2.06; P = 0.01). Conclusions: The IBD cohort who underwent MIS had the highest complication rates. Hospital readmissions and surgical costs were significantly higher for the IBD cohort who underwent RP between 2013 and 2017, when a minimally invasive approach was more prevalent than an open approach. These findings may be important when deciding which surgical approach to take when performing RP on men with IBD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalProstate International
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Crohn's disease
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Prostate cancer
  • Radical prostatectomy
  • Ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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