Impact of long-term elosulfase alfa treatment on respiratory function in patients with Morquio A syndrome

Christian J. Hendriksz*, Kenneth I. Berger, Rossella Parini, Moeenaldeen D. AlSayed, Julian Raiman, Roberto Giugliani, John J. Mitchell, Barbara K. Burton, Norberto Guelbert, Fiona Stewart, Derralynn A. Hughes, Robert Matousek, Elaina Jurecki, Celeste Decker, Paul R. Harmatz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To present long-term respiratory function outcomes from an open-label, multi-center, phase 3 extension study (MOR-005) of elosulfase alfa enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) in patients with Morquio A syndrome. Methods: In part 1 of MOR-005, patients initially randomized to ERT in the 24-week pivotal study (MOR-004) remained on their regimen (2.0 mg/kg/week or every other week); placebo patients were re-randomized to one of the two regimens. During part 2, all patients received elosulfase alfa 2.0 mg/kg/week. Respiratory function was one of the efficacy endpoints evaluated in MOR-005. Change from MOR-004 baseline to 120 weeks of treatment for the combined population was determined and compared with results from untreated patients from a Morquio A natural history study (MorCAP). Results: Maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV) improved up to week 72 and then stabilized; forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) increased continuously over 120 weeks. Mean increases in the modified per-protocol population was 9.2 % for FVC, 8.8 % for FEV1, and 6.1 % for MVV after 120 weeks. All patients ≤14 years showed respiratory improvements, presumably in part related to growth; however, these were greater in treated patients. For those >14 years, treated patients showed improvements, while deterioration occurred in untreated. Altogether, the improvements were significantly greater (P < 0.05) in treated patients. Conclusions: Long-term ERT is associated with sustained improvements in respiratory function in Morquio A. In younger patients (≤14 years), some improvement may be ascribed to growth. In older patients, other mechanisms, e.g., decreased glycosaminoglycan storage, are likely involved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)839-847
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of inherited metabolic disease
Volume39
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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