Objective The present study is designed to assess the long-term renal function of children who underwent radical nephrectomy for unifocal Wilms tumor.
Methods A single institution retrospective cohort study of non-syndromic children treated with radical nephrectomy for unifocal Wilms tumor between 1995 and 2011 was performed to identify risk factors for decreased glomerular filtration rate (GFR). The primary endpoint was decrease in age-adjusted GFR below normal published ranges. The secondary endpoint was progression to chronic renal insufficiency (CRI).
Results A total of 55 patients were identified in the cohort. Eight (15%) patients exhibited decreased age-adjusted GFR during the follow-up period, with 2 (4%) progressing to CRI. Increasing time between surgery and the last known GFR follow-up was associated with decreased GFR, with the normal GFR group having median follow-up of 7.32 years versus 11.47 years (p = 0.019) in the decreased GFR group.
Conclusions A trend toward decline in GFR was detected with longer follow-up. Longer follow-up may reveal that clinically significant decline in renal function occurs years following nephrectomy among a subset of Wilms tumor survivors, even among those who do not progress to end stage renal disease.
- Nephron-sparing surgery
- Wilms tumor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health