Impact of p53, HIF1a, Ki-67, CA-9, and GLUT1 Expression on Treatment Outcomes in Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer Patients Treated with Definitive Chemoradiation Therapy

Germaine Gaber, Samar El Achy, Gehan A. Khedr, Vamsi Parimi, Irene Helenowksi, Eric D. Donnelly, Jonathan B. Strauss, Gayle Woloschak, Jian Jun Wei, William Small, Tamer Refaat*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose/Objective:The objective of this study was to assess the association between pretreatment p53, hypoxia inducible factor 1a (HIF1a), Ki-67, carbonic anhydrase-9 (CA-9), and glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) expression in locally advanced cervical cancer patients treated definitively with concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CRT) and treatment outcomes including overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), local-regional control (LC), and distant metastases-free survival (DMFS).Patients and Methods:Twenty-eight patients treated definitively and consecutively for cervical cancer with CRT had p53, HIF1a, Ki-67, CA-9, and GLUT1 protein expression assessed and scored semiquantitatively by 3 pathologists, blinded to the treatment outcomes. Outcomes were stratified by p53 (H-score: <15 vs. ≥15), HIF1a (H-score: <95 vs. ≥95), Ki-67 (labeling index <41% vs. ≥41%), CA-9 (H-score: <15 vs. ≥15), and GLUT1 (H-score: <175 vs. ≥175) expression. OS, PFS, LC, and DMFS rates were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and differences between groups were evaluated by the log-rank test.Results:Notable clinical characteristics of the cohort included median age of 51 years (range: 32 to 74 y), FIGO stage IIB disease (57.2%), clinical node-negative disease (64.3%), squamous cell carcinoma (89.3%), and adenocarcinoma (10.7%). Treatment outcomes included 5-year OS (57.2%), PFS (48.1%), LC (72.1%), and DMFS (62.9%). For HIF1a H-score <95 and ≥95, the 5-year OS (52.0% and 68.4%, P=0.58), PFS (53.0% and 40.9%, P=0.75), LC (71.6% and 68.2%, P=0.92), and DMFS (59.7% and 52.0%, P=0.91) were not significantly different. For Ki-67 labeling index <41% and ≥41%, the 5-year OS (44.9% and 66.6%, P=0.35), PFS (38.9% and 55.4%, P=0.53), LC (57.7% and 85.7%, P=0.22), and DMFS (67.3% and 61.0%, P=0.94) were not significantly different. For CA-9 H-score <15 and ≥15, the 5-year OS (54.4% and 66.7%, P=0.39), PFS (57.3% and 40.0%, P=0.87), LC (70.0% and 70.0%, P=0.95), and DMFS (70.0% and 46.7%, P=0.94) were not significantly different. For GLUT1 H-score <175 and ≥175, the 5-year OS (43.6% and 43.6%, P=0.32), PFS (55.6% and 49.5%, P=0.72), LC (72.9% and 71.5%, P=0.97), and DMFS (62.5% and 59.6%, P=0.76) were not significantly different. For p53, H-score <15 and ≥15, the 5-year OS (62% and 53%), PFS (63% and 30.3%), LC (87.5% and 52%), and DMFS (79.6% and 41.6%).Conclusions:In this study population, HIF1a, Ki-67, CA-9, and GLUT1 expression did not predict treatment response or outcomes in locally advanced cervical cancer patients treated definitively with CRT. There was a nonstatistically significant trend towards worse outcomes with p53 expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)58-67
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cancer
  • cervical
  • chemoradiation
  • markers
  • molecular
  • predictive

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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