Impact of postoperative radiation therapy for deeply invasive oral cavity cancer upstaged to stage III

John D. Cramer*, Sandeep Samant, Dwight E. Heron, Robert L. Ferris, Seugwon Kim

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: This article is about the eighth edition staging guidelines for upstaged patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC) with >10 mm depth to pT3. This upstages some patients from stage I-II to stage III, a point at which patients are traditionally considered for postoperative radiation therapy (PORT). The role of PORT in patients upstaged for >10 mm depth is unknown. Methods: We identified patients with surgically resected stage I-II OCSCC with >10 mm depth who were upstaged to stage III. We used Cox proportional hazard modeling to compare patients who received PORT to those who did not (median follow-up 38.6 months). Results: We observed that 3.6% of patients with OCSCC were upstaged to stage III for depth >10 mm including 823 eligible patients. On adjusted analyses, PORT was associated with improved overall survival in patients upstaged to stage III (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 0.47, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.30-0.73). Conclusion: PORT is associated with improved survival for patients with OCSCC upstaged to stage III for >10 mm depth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1178-1183
Number of pages6
JournalHead and Neck
Volume41
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2019

Keywords

  • mouth neoplasms
  • oral cavity cancer
  • radiotherapy
  • squamous cell carcinoma
  • staging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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