Impact of powered knee-ankle prosthesis on low back muscle mechanics in transfemoral amputees: A case series

Chandrasekaran Jayaraman, Shenan Hoppe-Ludwig, Susan Deems-Dluhy, Matt McGuire, Chaithanya Mummidisetty, Rachel Siegal, Aileen Naef, Brian E. Lawson, Michael Goldfarb, Keith E. Gordon, Arun Jayaraman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Regular use of prostheses is critical for individuals with lower limb amputations to achieve everyday mobility, maintain physical and physiological health, and achieve a better quality of life. Use of prostheses is influenced by numerous factors, with prosthetic design playing a critical role in facilitating mobility for an amputee. Thus, prostheses design can either promote biomechanically efficient or inefficient gait behavior. In addition to increased energy expenditure, inefficient gait behavior can expose prosthetic user to an increased risk of secondary musculoskeletal injuries and may eventually lead to rejection of the prosthesis. Consequently, researchers have utilized the technological advancements in various fields to improve prosthetic devices and customize them for user specific needs. One evolving technology is powered prosthetic components. Presently, an active area in lower limb prosthetic research is the design of novel controllers and components in order to enable the users of such powered devices to be able to reproduce gait biomechanics that are similar in behavior to a healthy limb. In this case series, we studied the impact of using a powered knee-ankle prostheses (PKA) on two transfemoral amputees who currently use advanced microprocessor controlled knee prostheses (MPK). We utilized outcomes pertaining to kinematics, kinetics, metabolics, and functional activities of daily living to compare the efficacy between the MPK and PKA devices. Our results suggests that the PKA allows the participants to walk with gait kinematics similar to normal gait patterns observed in a healthy limb. Additionally, it was observed that use of the PKA reduced the level of asymmetry in terms of mechanical loading and muscle activation, specifically in the low back spinae regions and lower extremity muscles. Further, the PKA allowed the participants to achieve a greater range of cadence than their predicate MPK, thus allowing them to safely ambulate in variable environments and dynamically control speed changes. Based on the results of this case series, it appears that there is considerable potential for powered prosthetic components to provide safe and efficient gait for individuals with above the knee amputation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number134
JournalFrontiers in Neuroscience
Issue numberMAR
StatePublished - Mar 22 2018


  • Amputees
  • Gait
  • Low back pain
  • Microprocessor knee
  • Musculoskeletal injuries
  • Powered knee-ankle prosthesis
  • Variability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience


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