Impact of preoperative biopsy on tumor spread through air spaces in stage I non-small cell lung cancer: a propensity score-matched study

Yun Ding, Jiuzhen Li, Xin Li, Meilin Xu, Hua Geng, Daqiang Sun*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Percutaneous needle biopsy (PNB) and bronchoscopic biopsy (BB) are widely used in the preoperative diagnosis of pulmonary nodules, but whether PNB or BB may cause tumor spread through air spaces (STAS) has not been reported. Methods: 433 postoperative patients with pathological stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) from January 2015 to December 2018 at our hospital were enrolled and divided into PNB group (n = 40), BB group (n = 48) and non-biopsy group (n = 345). The PNB and BB groups were matched using propensity score matched (PSM) separately from the non-biopsy group, after which the effects of PNB and BB on STAS, recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were assessed. Results: After PSM for 9 confounding factors (gender, age, smoking history, tumor site, scope of surgery, pathology type, stage, maximum tumor diameter and postoperative treatment), 38 cases in the PNB group were successfully matched with 38 cases in the non-biopsy group and 28 cases in the BB group were successfully matched with 28 cases in the non-biopsy group. After PSM, there was no significant difference in the incidence of STAS between the PNB and non-biopsy groups (42.1% vs. 34.2%, P > 0.05) and between the BB and non-biopsy groups (42.9% vs. 46.4%, P > 0.05). The results after PSM showed no significant effect of both PNB and BB on RFS and OS after radical surgery (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Preoperative biopsy in patients with stage I NSCLC has not been shown to increase the occurrence of STAS, nor postoperative recurrence and death.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number293
JournalBMC Pulmonary Medicine
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Bronchoscopic biopsy
  • Percutaneous needle biopsy
  • Prognosis
  • Tumor spread through air spaces

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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