Impact of rotavirus vaccination on hospital-acquired rotavirus gastroenteritis in children

Evan J. Anderson, Angela Rupp, Stanford T. Shulman, Deli Wang, Xiaotian Zheng, Gary A. Noskin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Data show that after the implementation of routine rotavirus vaccination for infants in the United States, community-acquired (CA) rotavirus cases declined substantially in the 2007-2008 season. The impact of community-based rotavirus vaccination on the substantial burden of hospital-acquired (HA) rotavirus has not been documented. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We assessed CA and HA rotavirus, respiratory syncytial virus, and influenza infections at Children's Memorial Hospital for 5 winter seasons (defined as occurring from September through May) from 2003 to 2008. We also report rotavirus data from the 2008-2009 season. RESULTS: A similar dramatic decline (>60% compared with the median of previous seasons) occurred in the rates of cases of both CA (P < .0001) rotavirus hospitalizations and HA (P < .01) rotavirus infections in the 2007-2008 season compared with previous seasons, whereas the rates of CA and HA influenza and respiratory syncytial virus, respectively, remained stable. Improvements in hand-hygiene compliance did not correlate with a reduction in the transmission rate of rotavirus in the hospital. Both CA and HA rotavirus rates remained much lower in the 2008-2009 than in the 2003-2007 seasons. CONCLUSIONS: Community-based rotavirus vaccination is associated with a substantial reduction in the number of children who are admitted with rotavirus. These data also indicate that routine communitybased rotavirus infant vaccination protects hospitalized children from acquiring rotavirus. Vaccination efforts should be encouraged as a strategy to affect the substantial burden of HA rotavirus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e264-e270
JournalPediatrics
Volume127
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2011

Keywords

  • Influenza
  • Nosocomial infections
  • RSV
  • Rotavirus
  • Vaccines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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