Impact of salt substitute and stepwise reduction of salt supply on blood pressure in residents in senior residential facilities: Design and rationale of the DECIDE-Salt trial

Aoming Jin, Kiang Liu, Darwin R. Labarthe, Xiangxian Feng, Ruijuan Zhang, Hongxia Wang, Qianku Qiao, Huijuan Li, Jiayu Li, Pei Gao, Hai Fang, Peifen Duan, Yuqi Wang, Hui Zhang, Lae Cao, Bruce Neal, Junshi Chen, Yangfeng Wu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: High sodium intake has been considered as the leading dietary risk factor for deaths and disability-adjusted life-years among older adults. High-quality randomized trials to evaluate the effects of practical sodium reduction strategies are needed. Methods: The study is a cluster randomized trial with a 2 × 2 factorial design conducted in 48 senior residential facilities in northern China. These facilities are randomly assigned (1:1:1:1) to 1 of 4 groups: stepwise salt supply control (SSSC) in which 5%-10% of the study salt supply in the institutional kitchens will be reduced every 3 months, replacing normal salt with salt substitute (SS); SSSC only; SS only; or neither SSSC nor SS. The interventions last for 2 years with follow-up every 6 months. The primary outcome is the change in systolic blood pressure from baseline to 24 months. Secondary outcomes include the incidence of hyperkalemia, hyponatremia, cardiovascular events, and death. Current status: The study has recruited and randomized 48 senior residential facilities with 1,606 participants. Mean age at baseline was 71 years, and 76% are male. Both types of salt intervention were initiated in the study facilities between January and April 2018. Conclusion: The study is well placed to define the effects of 2 practical and scalable sodium reduction strategies for blood pressure reduction and will provide important new data about safety of these strategies among older adults in China.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)198-205
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican heart journal
Volume226
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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