Impact of Sleep Disturbance on Fatigue, Nausea, and Pain: Mediating Role of Depressive Symptoms Among Youth With Disorders of Gut-Brain Interaction

Helen Bedree, Susan T. Tran, Marissa L. Koven, Sarah J. Wershil, John E. Fortunato, Bonnie S. Essner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: A high degree of sleep disturbance is reported among youth with disorders of gut-brain interaction (DGBIs). Given that sleep quality impacts a range of pediatric health outcomes including somatic sensations (eg, pain) and depressive mood occurs relatively frequently among youth with DGBIs, there is a dire need to disentangle the unique contributions of sleep and depressive mood on the somatic sensations experienced by youth with DGBIs. We aimed to examine whether depressive mood mediates the relations among sleep disturbance and pain intensity, nausea, and fatigue among youth with DGBIs. Methods: One hundred eighteen patients aged 8-17 years (Mage= 14.05, SD = 2.88; 70.34% female), 83.05% White/non-Hispanic recruited at a pediatric neurogastroenterology clinic completed measures of sleep disturbance, nausea, fatigue, pain intensity, and depressive mood. Three mediation models examined the effect of sleep disturbance on nausea, fatigue, and pain, with depressive mood as a mediator. Results: Participants reported moderate sleep disturbance. Depressive mood partially mediated the significant, respective relations between greater sleep disturbance and more severe nausea and fatigue. Sleep disturbance was significantly associated with higher pain intensity; however, depressive mood was not a significant mediator of this relation. Conclusions: Sleep quality is a major concern among youth with DGBIs. Low sleep quality may worsen nausea and fatigue via co-occurring increases in depressive mood symptoms. In contrast, sleep disturbance may directly increase pain, regardless of youths' depressive mood symptoms. Future research should explore these relations through prospective studies leveraging a combination of subjective and objective assessment approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)468-473
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition
Volume77
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2023

Keywords

  • depressive symptoms
  • disorders of gut-brain interaction
  • fatigue
  • mediation
  • nausea
  • pain
  • sleep disturbance
  • youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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