Impact of the introduction of neuraxial labor analgesia on mode of delivery at an urban maternity hospital in China

LingQun Hu, Jin Zhang, Cynthia A. Wong*, Qinying Cao, Guohua Zhang, Huijuan Rong, Xia Li, Robert J McCarthy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To evaluate the association between the introduction of neuraxial (epidural) labor analgesia and mode of delivery in a large urban maternity hospital in China. Methods A single-intervention impact study was conducted at Shijiazhuang Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital in Shijiazhuang. Baseline data collection occurred between August 1 and December 31, 2009, when no analgesic method was routinely employed during labor. An intervention was then implemented, consisting of a neuraxial labor analgesia service. The service was fully operational from September 1, 2010, and data were collected to August 31, 2011. The mode of delivery was compared between the different periods. Results Neuraxial analgesia rate was used in none of the 3787 deliveries during the baseline period and 3429 (33.5%) of 10 230 in the implementation period. Cesareans were performed in 1533 (40.5%) deliveries in the baseline period and 3441 (33.6%) in the implementation period (difference -6.8%, 99.8% confidence interval [CI] -9.7% to -3.9%; P < 0.0017). The proportion of vaginal deliveries in which forceps were used was unchanged (difference -0.8%, 99.8% CI -0.7% to 2.2%; P = 0.92). Conclusion The introduction of epidural analgesia reduced the frequency of cesarean delivery, which improved obstetric and neonatal outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-21
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume129
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015

Keywords

  • Cesarean delivery
  • Epidural analgesia
  • Forceps
  • Impact study
  • Labor analgesia
  • Neuraxial analgesia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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