The chemokine RANTES is a chemoattractant for monocytes and T cells and is postulated to participate in many aspects of the immune response. To evaluate the biological roles of RANTES in vivo, we generated RANTES-deficient (-/-) mice and characterized their T cell function. In cutaneous delayed-type hypersensitivity assays, a 50% reduction in ear and footpad swelling was seen in -/- mice compared to +/+ mice. In vitro, polyclonal and antigen-specific T cell proliferation was decreased. Quantitative analysis using the fluorescent dye carboxy-fluorescein succinimidyl ester revealed that this proliferative defect was due both to fewer antigen-reactive T cells and to a reduction in the capacity of these cells to proliferate. In addition, IFN-γ and IL-2 production by the -/- T cells was dramatically decreased. Together, these data suggest that RANTES is required for normal T cell functions as well as for recruiting monocytes and T cells to sites of inflammation.
- Cellular proliferation
- Delayed-type hypersensitivity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy