Implementation of a text-based postpartum blood pressure monitoring program at 3 different academic sites

Matthew K. Janssen*, Samuel Demmers, Sindhu K. Srinivas, Stacy Cooper Bailey, Kim A. Boggess, Whitney B You, William A Grobman, Adi Hirshberg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Up to 30% of patients with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy continue to have elevated blood pressures after delivery, often necessitating medication titration or hospital evaluation in the weeks following hospital discharge. A previous randomized controlled trial demonstrated that remote blood pressure monitoring programs led to an increase in the number of blood pressure measurements obtained and increased compliance with clinical guidelines regarding the monitoring of patients for persistent or worsening postpartum hypertension. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to measure the program participant response rates during the first 10 days after hospital discharge, to assess the replicability and scalability of the program, and to evaluate patient satisfaction at 3 distinct sites. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a prospective observational cohort study across 3 US academic medical centers during which postpartum participants with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy were enrolled in a previously validated, remote, text message-based blood pressure monitoring program known as Heart Safe Motherhood. English-speaking patients with access to a text message-enabled cell phone and with a diagnosis of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy were candidates for enrollment in the study. Each study site planned to enroll approximately 66 participants in this pilot implementation phase. All the enrolled participants received a validated blood pressure cuff, education on proper use of the device, and were sent text messages as a reminder to check their blood pressures twice daily for 10 days after discharge. They were asked to reply via text message with their blood pressure readings. All blood pressure readings were reviewed via a web-based platform by a physician. Physicians communicated with patients whose blood pressure levels exceeded 160 mm Hg systolic or 100 mm Hg diastolic to determine the next management steps. Enrollees were texted a survey at the end of the 10 days and the responses were recorded. The proportion of eligible parturients who were enrolled, the number of measured blood pressure values, and the postprogram survey results were measured. We assessed the number of patients who reported elevated blood pressures, required antihypertensive medication, and were readmitted for blood pressure control during the program duration. RESULTS: A total of 199 participants were enrolled in the program: 66 at site A, 67 at site B, and 66 at site C. In the 10 days after hospital discharge, 192 (97%) participants submitted at least 1 blood pressure measurement via text message. More enrolled patients submitted a blood pressure measurement on postpartum days 7 to 10 (171, 86%) than on days 1 to 4 (134, 67%). A total of 126 (63%) participants submitted blood pressures during both time frames. Elevated blood pressures were recorded for 70 (35%) participants, 32 (16%) of whom were started on oral antihypertensives after discussing their blood pressure measurements with an on-call provider. A total of 10 participants (5%) required hypertension-related readmission after delivery. The end-of-program survey was completed by 98 (49%) of the participants. Of those who completed the survey, 93% agreed that the program helped them to monitor their blood pressure (89% at site A; 88% at site B, and 100% at site C), and 93% would recommend it to friends or family members (94% at site A, 96% at site, and 88% at site C). CONCLUSION: Postpartum participants are willing and capable of using the Heart Safe Motherhood program for remote blood pressure monitoring and reported high satisfaction with the program across multiple sites. Our study demonstrated that this remote blood pressure monitoring program can be implemented successfully and demonstrated replicable efficacy at diverse sites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100446
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics & gynecology MFM
Volume3
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021

Keywords

  • chronic hypertension
  • gestational hypertension
  • postpartum care
  • preeclampsia
  • text message monitoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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