Micro hot-film shear-stress sensors have been designed and fabricated by surface micromachining technology which is compatible with IC technology. A polysilicon strip, 2 μm×80 μm, is deposited on top of a thin silicon nitride film and functions as the sensor element. By using the sacrificial-layer technique, a cavity (a vacuum chamber of about 300 mtorr), 200×200×2 μm, is placed between the silicon nitride film and the silicon substrate. This cavity significantly increases the sensitivity of the sensor by reducing the heat loss to the substrate. The frequency response of the sensor, however, is degraded by the cavity. For comparison purposes, a sensor structure without a cavity has also been designed and fabricated on the same chip. When operated in a constant temperature mode, the cutoff frequencies of the sensors with and without a cavity can reach 9 and 130 kHz, respectively. Wind tunnel calibration of the sensor with a cavity shows a sensitivity of about 10 mV/Pa, which is about two orders of magnitude higher than other micromachined shear stress sensors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering