Improving aging and creep resistance in a dilute Al-Sc alloy by microalloying with Si, Zr and Er

N. Q. Vo*, D. C. Dunand, D. N. Seidman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

123 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nanosized precipitates in an Al-0.06Sc at.% alloy containing various microalloying additions were studied, with the goal of developing cost-effective aluminum alloys for high-temperature applications, using micro-hardness, electrical conductivity and atom-probe tomography measurements. Substituting 0.005 at.% Er for the more expensive Sc maintains high ambient-temperature strength, and dramatically improves the high-temperature creep resistance, as anticipated from the increase in lattice parameter mismatch between the α-Al(fcc) matrix and the coherent L12-ordered Al 3(Sc,Zr,Er) precipitates. A concentration of the slow-diffuser Zr as low as 0.02 at.% is sufficient to provide coarsening resistance at 400 C (an homologous temperature of 0.72) for up to 66 days by forming a Zr-enriched outer shell encapsulating the precipitates. Finally, adding 0.05 at.% Si enhances ambient-temperature strength by increasing the number density of precipitates, while decreasing the homogenization and peak-aging heat-treatment times, which is caused by the Si atoms accelerating the Er and Sc diffusion kinetics. Si-containing alloys are also cost effective, owing to the existence of Si in commercial purity Al. But addition of Si reduces the precipitate coarsening resistance: the magnitude of this effect is, however, determined by the Si concentration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-85
Number of pages13
JournalActa Materialia
Volume63
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2014

Keywords

  • Al-Sc-Er-Zr alloy
  • Atom-probe tomography
  • High-temperature alloy
  • Optimization
  • Strengthening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

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