Improving teamwork: Impact of structured interdisciplinary rounds on a medical teaching unit

Kevin J. O'Leary, Diane B. Wayne, Corinne Haviley, Maureen E. Slade, Jungwha Lee, Mark V. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

79 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Effective collaboration and teamwork is essential in providing safe and effective hospital care. Prior research reveals deficiencies in collaboration on medical teaching units. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of an intervention, structured inter-disciplinary rounds (SIDR), on hospital care providers' ratings of collaboration and teamwork. METHODS: The study was a controlled trial comparing an intervention medical teaching unit with a similar control unit. The intervention, SIDR, combined a structured format for communication with a forum for regular interdisciplinary meetings. We surveyed providers on each unit and asked them to rate the quality of communication and collaboration they had experienced with other disciplines using a five-point ordinal scale. We also assessed the teamwork and safety climate using a validated instrument. Multivariable regression analyses were used to assess the impact on length of stay (LOS) and cost. RESULTS: One hundred forty-seven of 159 (92%) eligible providers completed the survey. Although resident physicians on each unit rated the quality of communication and collaboration with nurses similarly, a greater percentage of nurses gave high ratings to the quality of collaboration with resident physicians on the intervention unit as compared to the control unit (74% vs. 44%; p=0.02). Providers on the intervention unit rated the teamwork climate significantly higher as compared to the control unit (82.4±11.7 vs. 77.3±12.3; p=0.01). The difference was explained by higher teamwork climate ratings on the part of nurses on the intervention unit (83.5±14.7 vs. 74.2±14.1; p=0.005). Ratings of the safety climate were not significantly different between units. Adjusted LOS and hospital costs were not significantly different between units. CONCLUSIONS: SIDR had a positive effect on nurses' ratings of collaboration and teamwork on a medical teaching unit. Further study is required to assess the impact of SIDR on patient safety measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)826-832
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of general internal medicine
Volume25
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2010

Keywords

  • SIDR
  • communication
  • interdisciplinary rounds
  • teamwork

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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