The lattice sites and spatial disorder of isolated Mn2+ ions in calcite were examined with x-ray standing waves, and the structure of the surrounding ions was examined with extended x-ray absorption fine-structure spectroscopy. The Mn2+ ion is found to be on-center substitutional at the Ca2+ site, with spatial disorder comparable to that of Ca2+. The first-neighbor Mn-O distance is found to be the same as that in the isostructural MnCO3. The radial distance of the closest Mn-Ca shell is reduced by ∼2%from the undistorted Ca-Ca distance. Based on these measurements, an atomic-scale structural model of the Mn2+ site suggests that the intramolecular distortion in the first-neighbor CO2-3 anions plays a key role in establishing the conserved first-neighbor Mn-O distance while maintaining ordering with respect to the lattice. The CaCO3:Mn2+ structure is shown to be characteristically distinct from those of analogous impurities in monatomic ionic crystals.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Mar 16 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics