In Defense of Mother Earth: Radical Environmentalism and Ecoterrorism in the United States, 1980–2000s

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Abstract

This chapter considers the definition of ecoterrorism and its close association with radical environmentalism. It focuses in particular on the group Earth First!, the tactic of “tree spiking,” the arrest of five radical environmentalists in Arizona in the late 1980s, and the association of the Unabomber with radical environmentalism. The chapter suggests that the use of violence, sabotage, and extralegal tactics by radical environmentalists has generally been a response to perceived shortcomings in conventional reform and traditional democratic processes, rather than an inherent product of radical environmentalists’ ethos or disposition.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of the History of Terrorism
EditorsCarola Dietze, Claudia Verhoeven
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Print)9780199858569
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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