In Operando Strain Measurement of Bicontinuous Silicon-Coated Nickel Inverse Opal Anodes for Li-Ion Batteries

Matthew P.B. Glazer, Jiung Cho, Jonathan Almer, John Okasinski, Paul V. Braun, David C. Dunand*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Elastic strains are measured in operando in a nanostructured silicon-coated nickel inverse opal scaffold anode, using X-ray diffraction to study the Si (de)lithiation-induced Ni strains. The volume expansion upon lithiation of the Si in the anode is constrained by the surrounding Ni scaffold, causing mismatch stresses and strains in the Si and Ni phases during cycling. The Ni strains are measured in operando during (dis)charge cycles, using diffraction peak position and peak broadness to describe the distribution of strain in the Ni. During lithiation, compressive strains in the Ni first increase linearly with charge, after which a gradually decreasing strain rate is observed as the maximum lithiation state is approached; upon delithiation a similar process occurs. In-plane average compressive strains on the order of 990 ± 40 με are measured in the Ni scaffold during lithiation, corresponding to compressive stresses of 215 ± 9 MPa. The decreasing strain rates and decreasing maximum and recovered strains suggest that plasticity in Ni and/or Si, as well as delamination between Ni and Si, may occur during cycling. Rate sensitivity in capacity is correlated with strain and a maximum Ni compressive stress of 230 ± 40 MPa is measured at the maximum state of lithiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1500466
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Volume5
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

Keywords

  • X-ray diffraction
  • in operando
  • lithiation strain
  • microbatteries
  • silicon anodes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

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