Measuring the amplitude and absolute (i.e., temporal and initial) phase of a monochromatic microwave field at a specific point of space and time has many potential applications, including precise qubit rotations and wavelength quantum teleportation. Here we show how such a measurement can indeed be made using resonant atomic probes via detection of incoherent fluorescence induced by a laser beam. This measurement is possible due to self-interference effects between the positive- and negative-frequency components of the field. In effect, the small cluster of atoms here act as a highly localized pickup coil, and the fluorescence channel acts as a transmission line.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|State||Published - Jun 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics