In-Situ TEM Electromechanical Testing of Nanowires and Nanotubes

Horacio D. Espinosa*, Rodrigo A. Bernal, Tobin Filleter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


The emergence of one-dimensional nanostructures as fundamental constituents of advanced materials and next-generation electronic and electromechanical devices has increased the need for their atomic-scale characterization. Given its spatial and temporal resolution, coupled with analytical capabilities, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) has been the technique of choice in performing atomic structure and defect characterization. A number of approaches have been recently developed to combine these capabilities with in-situ mechanical deformation and electrical characterization in the emerging field of in-situ TEM electro-mechanical testing. This has enabled researchers to establish unambiguous synthesis-structure-property relations for one-dimensional nanostructures. In this article, we review the development and latest advances of several in-situ TEM techniques to carry out mechanical and electromechanical testing of nanowires and nanotubes. Through discussion of specific examples, we illustrate how the merging of several microsystems and the TEM have led to significant insights on the behavior of nanowires and nanotubes, underscoring the significant role in-situ techniques play in the development of novel nanoscale systems and materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNano and Cell Mechanics
Subtitle of host publicationFundamentals and Frontiers
PublisherJohn Wiley and Sons
Number of pages36
ISBN (Print)9781118460399
StatePublished - Dec 11 2012


  • Electromechanical testing
  • In-situ testing
  • Nanotubes
  • Nanowires
  • TEM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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