In vitro and in vivo synergism between amoxicillin and clavulanic acid against ampicillin-resistant Haemophilus influenzae type b

Ram Yogev, C. Melick, W. J. Kabat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Eight strains of ampicillin-resistant β-lactamase-producing Haemophilus influenzae type b were studied in vitro for synergy between amoxicillin and clavulanic acid. The minimal inhibitory concentrations for amoxicillin alone were 6.25 to 12.5 μg/ml, and for clavulanic acid alone they were 12.5 to 25 μg/ml. However, seven of eight strains were inhibited by a combination of 0.36 μg of amoxicillin and 0.36 μg of clavulanic acid per ml. Infant rat models of bacteremia and meningitis were used to test the efficacy of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid alone and in combination upon four strains of ampicillin-resistant H. influenzae. Neither amoxicillin alone (27 animals) nor clavulanic acid alone (20 animals) sterilized the blood or cerebrospinal fluid of the animals. In contrast, 30 of 33 blood cultures and 29 of 33 cerebrospinal fluid cultures were sterile when a combination of the two drugs in the same dosages was used. The observed in vitro and in vivo synergism between amoxicillin and clavulanic acid suggests that the combination may be effective therapy for invasive infections in humans caused by ampicillin-resistant H. influenzae type b.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)993-996
Number of pages4
JournalAntimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'In vitro and in vivo synergism between amoxicillin and clavulanic acid against ampicillin-resistant Haemophilus influenzae type b'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this