In vivo suppression of NF-κB and preservation of IκBα by interleukin- 10 and interleukin-13

Alex B. Lentsch, Thomas P. Shanley, Vidya Sarma, Peter A. Ward*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

278 Scopus citations


IL-10 and IL-13 have powerful antiinflammatory activities in vitro and in vivo. In the IgG immune complex model of lung injury in rats, exogenously administered IL-10 or IL-13 have recently been shown to suppress neutrophil recruitment and ensuing lung injury by greatly depressing pulmonary production of TNFα. Transcriptional control of the TNFα gene is regulated by the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB). Activation of NF-κB involves the degradation of its cytoplasmic inhibitor IκBα, allowing the nuclear translocation of NF-κB, with ensuing transcriptional activation. In this study, we sought to determine whether the protective effects of IL-10 and IL- 13 in IgG immune complex-induced lung injury were mediated by inhibition of NF-κB activation. Electrophoretic mobility shift analysis of nuclear extracts from alveolar macrophages and whole lung tissues demonstrated that both IL-10 and IL-13 suppressed nuclear localization of NF-κB after in vivo deposition of IgG immune complexes. Western blot analysis indicated that these effects were due to preserved protein expression of IκBα in both alveolar macrophages and whole lungs. Northern blot analysis of lung mRNA showed that, in the presence of IgG immune complexes, IL-10 and IL-13 augmented IκBα mRNA expression. These findings suggest that in vivo, IL-10 and IL-13 may operate by suppressing NF-κB activation through preservation of IκBα.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2443-2448
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Issue number10
StatePublished - Nov 15 1997


  • Alveolar macrophages
  • Immune complexes
  • Inflammation
  • Neutrophils
  • TNFα

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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