Inability to Predict Cardiovascular Disease From Hostility Scores or MMPI Items Related to Type A Behavior

Gloria R. Leon*, Stephen E. Finn, David Murray, John M. Bailey

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations

Abstract

Medical and psychological data collected for 30 years on a group of 280 men (mean age in 1947 = 45 years) were evaluated to identify the personality characteristics and attitudes that might be predictive of the later development of coronary heart disease (CHD). Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) Hostility scores did not predict CHD in this population. A 35-item scale derived from MMPI items judged to reflect the Type A construct and from other personality scales did not predict the later incidence of myocardial infarctions or other evidence of CHD. It is therefore possible that personality factors may not be strong predictors of CHD in particular samples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)597-600
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Volume56
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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