Incidence of type 2 diabetes by place of birth in the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis (MESA)

Reena Oza-Frank*, Cheeling Chan, Kiang Liu, Gregory Burke, Alka M. Kanaya

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Incidence of diabetes among US foreign-born individuals is not well studied. Data were from the Multi Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to examine diabetes risk by race/ethnicity, place of birth, and duration of residence among foreign-born. Foreign-born Latinos had a higher risk of incident diabetes compared to US-born Latinos (hazard ratio (HR) 1.79 [95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.00-3.21]). Latinos born in Mexico (HR, 2.26 [95 % CI, 1.18-4.33]) had higher risk of incident diabetes compared to US-born Latinos. Foreign-born living in the US ≥20 years had a higher adjusted risk of incident diabetes compared to those in the US for <20 years (HR, 1.60 [95 % CI, 1.05-2.55]). Incident diabetes may be higher among foreign-born compared to native born; incident diabetes may also be higher among those immigrants who have lived in the US for longer periods of time. Future studies should characterize individuals by race/ethnicity and place of birth to account for differences in biology and time spent in the US.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)918-924
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013

Keywords

  • Chinese
  • Diabetes incidence
  • Foreign-born
  • Immigrant
  • Latino

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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