Incident Non-AIDS Comorbidity Burden among Women with or at Risk for Human Immunodeficiency Virus in the United States

Lauren F. Collins*, Anandi N. Sheth, C. Christina Mehta, Susanna Naggie, Elizabeth T. Golub, Kathryn Anastos, Audrey L. French, Seble Kassaye, Tonya N. Taylor, Margaret A. Fischl, Adaora A. Adimora, Mirjam Colette Kempf, Frank J. Palella, Phyllis C. Tien, Ighovwerha Ofotokun

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection may accelerate development of aging-related non-AIDS comorbidities (NACMs). The incidence of NACMs is poorly characterized among women living with HIV (WLWH). Methods: WLWH and HIV-seronegative participants followed in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) through 2009 (when >80% of WLWH used antiretroviral therapy) or onward were included, with outcomes measured through 31 March 2018. Sociodemographics, clinical covariates, and prevalent NACM were determined at enrollment. We used Poisson regression models to determine incident NACM burden (number of NACMs accrued through most recent WIHS visit out of 10 total NACMs assessed) by HIV serostatus and age. Results: There were 3129 participants (2239 WLWH, 890 HIV seronegative) with 36 589 person-years of follow-up. At enrollment, median age was 37 years, 65% were black, and 47% currently smoked. In fully adjusted analyses, WLWH had a higher incident NACM rate compared with HIV-seronegative women (incidence rate ratio, 1.36 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.02-1.81]). Incident NACM burden was higher among WLWH vs HIV-seronegative women in most age strata (HIV × age interaction: P = .0438), and women <25 years old had the greatest incidence rate ratio by HIV serostatus at 1.48 (95% CI, 1.19-1.84) compared with those in older age groups. Incident NACM burden was associated with traditional comorbidity risk factors but not HIV-specific indices. Conclusions: Incident NACM burden was higher among WLWH than HIV-seronegative women. This difference was most dramatic among women aged <25 years, a group for whom routine comorbidity screening is not prioritized. Established non-HIV comorbidity risk factors were significantly associated with incident NACM burden. More data are needed to inform best practices for NACM screening, prevention, and management among WLWH, particularly young women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E2059-E2069
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Issue number7
StatePublished - Oct 1 2021


  • HIV and aging
  • comorbidity burden
  • human immunodeficiency virus
  • non-AIDS comorbidities
  • women living with HIV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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