Inclusiveness in the face of anticipated disagreement

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper discusses the epistemic outcomes of following a belief-forming policy of inclusiveness under conditions in which one anticipates systematic disagreement with one's interlocutors. These cases highlight the possibility of distinctly epistemic costs of inclusiveness, in the form of lost knowledge of or a diminishment in one's rational confidence in a proposition. It is somewhat controversial whether following a policy of inclusiveness under such circumstances will have such costs; this will depend in part on the correct account of the epistemic significance of disagreement (a topic over which there is some disagreement). After discussing this matter at some length, I conclude, tentatively, that inclusiveness under disagreement can have such epistemic costs. Still, I go on to argue, such costs by themselves would not rationalize substantial limitations on a broad policy of inclusiveness. Insofar as there are grounds for restricting how inclusive one should be in belief-formation, these grounds will not be epistemic, but instead will reflect the practical costs-the time, effort, and resource costs to the subject-of following such a policy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1189-1207
Number of pages19
JournalSynthese
Volume190
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Keywords

  • Epistemology of disagreement
  • Higher-order evidence
  • Inclusiveness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Social Sciences(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Inclusiveness in the face of anticipated disagreement'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this