Increased antimüllerian hormone levels and other reproductive endocrine changes in adult male relatives of women with polycystic ovary syndrome

Laura C. Torchen, Ajay Kumar, Bhanu Kalra, Gopal Savjani, Ryan Sisk, Richard S. Legro, Andrea Dunaif*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To investigate for differences in reproductive hormone levels in male relatives of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Design Cross-sectional study. Setting Academic medical center. Patient(s) Sixty-three fathers and 66 brothers of women with PCOS as well as two groups of control men of comparable age to fathers (older control, n = 30) and brothers (younger control, n = 58). Intervention(s) A single early morning fasting blood sample was obtained for the measurement of reproductive hormone levels. Main Outcome Measure(s) Testosterone, LH, FSH, antimüllerian hormone (AMH), inhibin B, estradiol (E2), and estrone (E1) levels were measured. Result(s) The AMH, LH, and FSH levels were significantly increased in male relatives compared with their respective control groups. The levels of E2, E1, T, and inhibin B did not differ between the groups. Conclusion(s) The AMH, LH, and FSH levels were increased in adult male relatives of women with PCOS, suggesting that they may have altered testicular function and changes in neuroendocrine regulation of gonadotropin secretion. These changes may reflect effects of PCOS susceptibility genes such as the recently mapped chromosome 11p14.1 locus in the region of the FSH B polypeptide gene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-55
Number of pages6
JournalFertility and Sterility
Volume106
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Keywords

  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • antimüllerian hormone
  • first degree relatives
  • gonadotropins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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