Increased Depression Screening and Treatment Recommendations After Implementation of a Perinatal Collaborative Care Program

Emily S. Miller, William A. Grobman, Jody D. Ciolino, Katelyn Zumpf, Allie Sakowicz, Jacqueline Gollan, Katherine L. Wisner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The study evaluated whether implementation of perinatal collaborative care is associated with improvements in screening and treatment recommendations for perinatal depression by obstetric clinicians. METHODS: This cohort study, conducted from January 2015 to January 2019, included all women who received prenatal care in five obstetric clinics and delivered at a single quaternary care hospital in Chicago. In January 2017, a perinatal collaborative care program (COMPASS) was implemented. Completion of depression screening and recommendations for treatment following a positive depression screen were compared before and after COMPASS implementation. Adjusted analyses included inverse probability weighting by using propensity scores to impose control over imbalance between exposure groups with respect to prespecified covariates. RESULTS: A total of 7,028 women were included in these analyses: 3,227 (46%) before and 3,801 (54%) after COMPASS implementation. Women who received obstetric care after implementation were significantly more likely than those who received care before implementation to receive antenatal screening for depression (81% versus 33%; adjusted odds ratio [aOR]=8.5, 95% confidence interval [CI]=7.6-9.5). After implementation, women with a positive antenatal screen for depression were more likely to receive a treatment recommendation (61% versus 44%; aOR=2.1, 95% CI=1.2-3.7). After implementation of perinatal collaborative care, combined psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy were more frequently recommended, compared with before implementation. CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of a perinatal collaborative care program was associated with improvements in perinatal depression screening and recommendations for treatment by obstetric clinicians.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1268-1275
Number of pages8
JournalPsychiatric services (Washington, D.C.)
Volume72
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021

Keywords

  • Collaborative care
  • Pregnancy and mental illness
  • perinatal depression
  • perinatal mental health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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