Increased risk for respiratory distress among white, male, late preterm and term infants

J. S. Anadkat*, M. W. Kuzniewicz, B. P. Chaudhari, F. S. Cole, A. Hamvas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective:To determine whether race/ethnicity and sex independently increase risk of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in late preterm and term infants.Study Design:Using a cohort design, we studied the risk of RDS associated with race/ethnicity and sex in infants with gestational age (GA) 34 to 42 weeks born between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2009 (n286 454) within 12 hospitals in the Northern California Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program.Result:Male sex (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 1.68; 95% confidence interval 1.45 to 1.93) and White race/ethnicity (vs Asians (aOR 0.57; 95% confidence interval 0.47 to 0.70), Blacks (aOR 0.66; 95% confidence interval 0.50 to 0.87), and Hispanics (aOR 0.76; 95% confidence interval 0.64 to 0.90)) independently increase risk for RDS regardless of GA. A GA 39 weeks, operative delivery, maternal diabetes, and chorioamnionitis also increased RDS risk in this cohort.Conclusion:Male sex and White race/ethnicity independently increase risk for RDS in late preterm and term infants. Timing of elective delivery should acknowledge these risks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)780-785
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Perinatology
Volume32
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2012

Keywords

  • late preterm infants
  • neonatal respiratory
  • respiratory distress syndrome
  • term infants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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