Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a heterogeneous chronic inflammatory disease subdivided based on the presence or absence of nasal polyps (NPs). Histologic features of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) include inflammatory cell infiltration and excessive fibrin deposition in NPs. Thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) is an enzyme that plays an antifibrinolytic role in the body. The significance of TAFI has been documented in patients with chronic inflammatory diseases, including chronic lung disease; however, it has not been evaluated in the pathogenesis of NPs. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential role of TAFI in the pathogenesis of NPs. Methods: Nasal lavage fluid was collected from control subjects and patients with CRS. We measured levels of thrombin/anti-thrombin complex (TATc) and TAFI protein using an ELISA. Results: TATc levels in nasal lavage fluid were significantly increased in patients with CRSwNP and patients with chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps (CRSsNP) compared with control subjects, and TAFI levels in nasal lavage fluid were also significantly increased in patients with CRSwNP compared with those in control subjects and patients with CRSsNP. There was a significant correlation between TATc and TAFI levels in nasal lavage fluid. Interestingly, patients with CRS and asthma showed increased TATc and TAFI levels in nasal lavage fluid compared with those in patients with CRS without asthma, especially patients with CRSwNP. Conclusions: Increased TATc and TAFI levels in nasal passages of patients with CRSwNP might participate in fibrin deposition in NPs and might play a role in the pathogenesis of CRSwNP and asthma.
- Chronic rhinosinusitis
- thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy