Increases in mitochondrial reactive oxygen species trigger hypoxia-induced calcium responses in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells

Gregory B. Waypa*, Robert Guzy, Paul T. Mungai, Mathew M. Mack, Jeremy D. Marks, Michael W. Roe, Paul T. Schumacker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

134 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mitochondria have been implicated as a potential site of O2 sensing underlying hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV), but 2 disparate models have been proposed to explain their reaction to hypoxia. One model proposes that hypoxia-induced increases in mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation activate HPV through an oxidant-signaling pathway, whereas the other proposes that HPV is a result of decreased oxidant signaling. In an attempt to resolve this debate, we use a novel, ratiometric, redox-sensitive fluorescence resonance energy transfer (HSP-FRET) probe, in concert with measurements of reduced/oxidized glutathione (GSH/GSSG), to assess cytosolic redox responses in cultured pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). Superfusion of PASMCs with hypoxic media increases the HSP-FRET ratio and decreases GSH/GSSG, indicating an increase in oxidant stress. The antioxidants pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate and N-acetyl-l-cysteine attenuated this response, as well as the hypoxia-induced increases in cytosolic calcium ([Ca]i), assessed by the Ca-sensitive FRET sensor YC2.3. Adenoviral overexpression of glutathione peroxidase or cytosolic or mitochondrial catalase attenuated the hypoxia-induced increase in ROS signaling and [Ca]i. Adenoviral overexpression of cytosolic Cu, Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD-I) had no effect on the hypoxia-induced increase in ROS signaling and [Ca]i, whereas mitochondrial matrix-targeted Mn-SOD (SOD-II) augmented [Ca]i. The mitochondrial inhibitor myxothiazol attenuated the hypoxia-induced changes in the ROS signaling and [Ca]i, whereas cyanide augmented the increase in [Ca]i. Finally, simultaneous measurement of ROS and Ca signaling in the same cell revealed that the initial increase in these 2 signals could not be distinguished temporally. These results demonstrate that hypoxia triggers increases in PASMC [Ca]i by augmenting ROS signaling from the mitochondria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)970-978
Number of pages9
JournalCirculation research
Volume99
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2006

Keywords

  • Antioxidants
  • Fluorescence resonance energy transfer
  • Hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Redox signaling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Increases in mitochondrial reactive oxygen species trigger hypoxia-induced calcium responses in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this