We sought to assess the prognostic value of diastolic dysfunction (DD) in low-risk adults beyond Framingham risk score (FRS). Consecutive patients without cardiovascular risk factors or co-morbidities were identified from a retrospective cohort. Multivariate binary logistic regression was performed to identify factors associated with DD, and Cox proportional hazard model to evaluate the association of DD with all-cause death. Analysis was repeated by stratifying by the year of the echocardiogramto account for possible time-related shift in measurement techniques. Net reclassification improvement (NRI) was performed to assess incremental prognostic value of DD. The study cohort consisted on 1,039 patients with a mean age (SD) 47.9 (15.7) years. Overall, 346 patients (33.3 %) had DD, among whom 327 were grade 1. Age was the only independent predictor of DD with odds ratio 3.2 (2.8; 3.7) for every 10 years increase (p<0.0001). After a mean follow-up time (SD) of 7.3 (1.7) years, 71 (6.8 %) patients died. Adjusting for age, gender, and race, DD remained an independent predictor of all-cause mortality with hazard ratio (95 % CI) 2.03 (p = 0.029), and similarly after adjusting for FRS (HR 2.73, p = 0.002) which resulted in IDI gain of 1.4 %(p = 0.0037) andNRI of 15 %(p = 0.029). In 463 age and gendermatched subgroups,DD was still an independent predictor of mortality (HR 2.6 [1.25; 5.55], p = 0.01). In low-risk adult outpatients undergoing echocardiography, DD was associated with 2-3 fold increase in risk of death and had incremental prognostic value beyond FRS.
- Diastolic function
- Framingham risk score
- Low risk outpatients
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine