Independence of Ocular Biomarkers of Cardiac Risk in Macular Degeneration

Michael Drakopoulos, Kevin X. Zhang, David L. Zhang, Arnold Nadel, Harnaina K. Bains, Alessandro Marchese, Rukhsana G. Mirza*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)309-311
Number of pages3
JournalOphthalmology Retina
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2024


  • Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)
  • Cardiovascular risk
  • Reticular pseudodrusen (RPD)
  • Retinal ischemic perivascular lesion (RIPL)
  • Subretinal drusenoid deposits (SDDs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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