Indications and outcomes of strabismus repair in visually mature patients

Manjot K. Gill, Garry T. Drummond*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Objective: To identify and examine the indications, outcomes and potential risks of strabismus surgery in visually mature patients. Design: Case series. Setting: University-based referral practice in Edmonton. Patients: A total of 222 patients (115 females and 107 males) aged 9 to 69 (mean 29) years who underwent strabismus surgery for various types of strabismus (as grouped by original diagnosis). All patients were followed for at least 6 weeks postoperatively. Outcome measures: Previous surgery and deviation in prism dioptres (Δ) (distance and near), sensory status (measured by the Titmus stereotest at near) and the presence of symptoms (diplopia, abnormal head posture or asthenopia), recorded preoperatively, 6 weeks postoperatively and at the last postoperative visit. Results: The patients were followed for an average of 14 months postoperatively. At the last postoperative visit 187 patients (84%) were aligned to within 15 Δ of orthotropia. Overall, 116 patients (52%) demonstrated some degree of stereopsis postoperatively, compared with 78 (35%) preoperatively. A total of 116 patients (52%) had symptoms preoperatively, including diplopia, abnormal head posture or asthenopia; 88 (76%) of the 116 had complete resolution of their symptoms. Six patients (4%) without diplopia preoperatively were found to have this symptom postoperatively. Conclusions: The findings suggest that most visually mature patients undergoing strabismus surgery can expect functional benefits, including improvement of alignment, preservation and occasionally restoration of sensory fusion, and elimination of diplopia, abnormal head posture and asthenopia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)436-440
Number of pages5
JournalCanadian Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997


  • Stereopsis
  • Strabismus
  • Visually mature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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