The bone-resorbing effects of thrombin and thyroxin, two agents that stimulate resorption in neonatal mouse calvaria by prostaglandin-dependent mechanisms, were examined in cultures of fetal rat limb bones. Thrombin produced maximal resorption in the limb bone cultures at a concentration of 100 U/ml when bones were cultured in BGJ supplemented with 1 mg/ml bovine serum albumin. The effects of thrombin were partially inhibited by 0.5 and 10 uM indomethacin. Thrombin failed to elicit resorption when the limb bones were cultured in DMEM with 15% horse serum. Thyroxin stimulated the resorption of limb bones in both BGJ-albumin and DMEM-serum media. Resorption was elicited by thyroxin concentrations of 10 nM - 10 uM. 30 uM thyroxin failed to stimulate resorption. The dose-response curve to thyroxin was shallow, and the agent did not produce maximal resorption. The bone-resorbing effects of thyroxin were not affected by 0.5 or 10uM indomethacin.
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