Hendrik Spruyt*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Similar to other colonial withdrawals, the Dutch exit from Indonesia was influenced by the balance of power, metropolitan ideology, and the nature of the nationalist regime. The Dutch-Indonesian case was further complicated by the instability of the home government. Fragile coalitions in The Hague impeded compromise, leading the government to try to defeat the nationalists by force. Third parties also played a important role in determining the eventual outcome: the United States and Britain exercised their leverage to induce the combatants to compromise. The Indonesian nationalists assured themselves of third-party support by repudiating communist influences. The Indonesian Republic's willingness to embrace a nascent parliamentary democracy led Dutch interest groups to realize that a negotiated settlement with a noncommunist regime was acceptable. These factors led to the Round Table Agreement of 1949 and Dutch withdrawal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationExit Strategies and State Building
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199949991
ISBN (Print)9780199760114
StatePublished - Jan 24 2013


  • Credible commitment
  • Indonesia
  • Mediation
  • Netherlands
  • Police action
  • United Nations
  • United States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences


Dive into the research topics of 'Indonesia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this