Induction of fibroblast growth factor 21 does not require activation of the hepatic X-box binding protein 1 in mice

Shantel Olivares, Anne S. Henkel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), a key regulator of the metabolic response to fasting, is highly induced by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. The X-box binding protein 1 (Xbp1) is one of several ER stress proteins that has been shown to directly activate the FGF21 promoter. We aimed to determine whether hepatic Xbp1 is required for induction of hepatic FGF21 in vivo. Methods Mice bearing a hepatocyte-specific deletion of Xbp1 (Xbp1LKO) were subjected to fasting, pharmacologic ER stress, or a ketogenic diet, all potent stimuli of Fgf21 expression. Results Hepatocyte-specific Xbp1 knockout mice demonstrated normal induction of FGF21 in response to fasting or pharmacologic ER stress and enhanced induction of FGF21 in response to a ketogenic diet. Consistent with preserved induction of FGF21, Xbp1LKO mice exhibited normal induction of FGF21 target genes and normal ketogenesis in response to fasting or a ketogenic diet. Conclusion Hepatic Xbp1 is not required for induction of FGF21 under physiologic or pathophysiologic conditions in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1616-1624
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Metabolism
Volume6
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Endoplasmic reticulum stress
  • Fasting
  • Fatty acid oxidation
  • Ketogenic diet
  • Unfolded protein response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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